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Every entity has a particular load-bearing capacity and a certain level of tolerance, whether it is about humans or the vehicles. In the case of vehicles, there are also some situations when their capacity and limit is challenged. Like carrying extra weight challenges its capacity that shows symptoms such as the overheating of the engine or transmission. When it comes to overheating the role of transmission cooler comes into play. But to begin the discussion, at first we will be looking at some transmission overheating issues. Generally, the transmission fluid of the car should rest below 170°C, but due to some factors, it can increased with an increment of 20°C leading to overheating which can cause serious trouble for the transmission. The factors that cause such overheating issues in the transmission are:
- Heavy Load: If the vehicle carries extra weight then understandably it will require extra energy which can cause excess heat.
- Stop-and-go Traffic: The stop-and-go style traffic can have a bad impact on transmission cooling that will cause the transmission to overheat.
- Size and type of the vehicle: Overheating depends on this factor as well. You see that the tow vehicles carry much more weight than the cars and also produce much more heat under its hood. The cooling system must match the size and type of the vehicle.
- Hot Climates: Hot climates also do affect the temperature of your transmission causing it to overheat externally.
So now the question is, how & what you should do in case your transmission starts overheating. Adding a transmission cooler for cooling down your transmission, is probably the most popular solution that you may have come across. But something you heard is not enough for you to get started unless you have a good knowledge about the facts related to it such as – how it works, what considerations to make while choosing one, and finally, how you should install one in your vehicle.
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Transmission Cooler – How It Works
You may have noticed that the transmission oil cooler is a square-shaped component added in the front of the radiator or maybe in the condenser. Its main purpose is to keep the transmission fluid cool and extend the lifespan of your vehicle’s’ transmission. Its working procedure is fairly simple that can be broken down into the following steps –
- The heated transmission fluid is transmitted to the radiator.
- Then the radiator sends the fluid to the transmission cooler.
- The cooler is associated with a thin component called fin that responds to the moving air.
- When the air moves it causes motion to the fins that lower the temperature of the transmission fluid.
- After getting it cooled down, the fluid is then delivered back to the transmission
- This procedure continuously cycles.
Considerations To Make While Choosing A Transmission Cooler
The right kind of transmission cooler can make a great difference in the performance of your engine, so we should be looking into the considerations to make to while choosing one.
- RPM: Transmissions are responsible for keeping the engine’s Revolution Per Minute (RPM) within a certain range to transmit power from the rotations to the drive wheels. During this, a lot of heat is generated and to keep it low it is always safe to use the transmission cooler to cool down the moving parts.
- Decreased amount of fluid in the transmission: The amount of transmission fluid largely affects the performance of a transmission. If the fluid is burned due to the excessive heat which sometimes even exceeds 200-degree Celsius then the amount of fluid running through the transmission is decreased. That can lead to serious damage to the important moving parts and even the transmission, so it’s always better to use an add-on cooler to get things safer because replacing the transmission would be the last this you want as an owner.
- Extra Precaution: In this case, the saying ‘Prevention is better than cure’ truly applies. As installing a cooler will provide the extra protection against overheating of the transmission, and this why you see it has been used mostly in the tow vehicles.
- Weight Issues: You see the transmission cooler comes in a variety of sizes and shapes. Choosing a cooler that matches the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of your vehicle is a very important factor to allow this add-on cooler for operating properly. Perhaps you could investigate a few questions regarding the weight of the vehicle like –
- How much does your vehicle weigh?
- How much cargo it is supposed to carry?
- What is the trailer weight?
- What is the most weight that it expects to carry?
These one-liner answers are pretty much available on the internet and you could also consult us by leaving a message if you have any confusions regarding these.
- Type of Terrain: The terrain is another important factor as it is where most of the towings are done. The transmission overheating depends on the facts that will it terrain across the long and flat stretches of highway, or it will be across the urban area where the stop-and-go traffic happens on a regular basis. The urban or hilly terrains are more likely to cause your engine to overheat and in such case, the transmission cooler needs to be an integral part for your vehicle to keep the transmission fluid cool enough.
- Mounting Place: It is also important to install the transmission cooler in the right place in the vehicle as it has an impact on the efficiency of the cooling.
Installing The Transmission Cooler
After choosing the right cooler, now it’s time to get it installed. Transmission Oil Cooler kits generally come with all the necessary tools, hardware, and manuals to make it easier to install even for a DIY mechanic.
First and foremost you need to find a spot to mount the cooler in the engine compartment. Since there is no specific place, you do have the room for research but two steps generally considered are – behind the bumper where it would not be that efficient as the airflow will not be enough. The other place is, in front of the radiator/air condition condenser which actually is the best place to mount the cooler as it can receive the sufficient amount of airflow and can also stay out of the debris like rocks.
As we said earlier, the transmission or engine oil cooler is a thin and square-shaped component that is capable of getting attached between other components. However, you find the sticking mounting pads with most of the kits that allow the cooler to adhere onto the radiator. You can also use the extra mounting rods to insert it between the radiator and the mounting flanges of the cooler. To ensure the smooth delivery of cooling fluid to the transmission from the cooler you must hook up all the inlet and outlet hoses which are located between them. For best practices, make sure the hoses are kept away from the heated or moving parts. Heat will counteract the cooler and the moving parts can split the line.
To put things simply, we would strongly recommend you to have a transmission cooler as the precaution that can keep your transmission away from overheating when things become too hot due to heavy loads or any other factor. Now that you know how it actually works, and how you should choose and install one, we expect you will certainly pay heed to it.